Converting Your Book Into a Script
Adapting a book into a script can be a challenging but rewarding endeavor for writers and storytellers. The process requires careful planning, creative adaptation, and an understanding of the differences between these two storytelling formats. Let’s explore the essential steps to prepare your book for the big (or small) screen.
Step 1: Familiarize Yourself with Screenwriting Format
Before you begin the adaptation process, it’s crucial to familiarize yourself with the format of a screenplay. Screenplays have specific rules and conventions that differ significantly from book writing—remember, a book may be 80K+ words, but movies rarely exceed two hours in length. Screenwriting software such as Final Draft or Celtx can help you adhere to these standards.
Step 2: Identify the Key Themes and Characters
Begin by identifying your book’s central themes, characters, and plot points. These elements form the foundation of your screenplay and should be preserved as much as possible during the adaptation process. Consider what makes your story unique and captivating, and ensure those elements are retained in the script. You may be unable to carry over every detail, but you don’t want to lose the most important things.
Step 3: Create a High-Level Outline
Next, create a high-level outline of your screenplay. This outline should map out the major story beats, including the inciting incident, plot twists, character arcs, and the resolution. While a book allows for more extensive exposition and internal monologue, a screenplay must be concise and visually engaging. Focus on the visual and dramatic elements that translate well to the screen. Tip: Read a book that has been adapted, then watch the film and note the differences.
Step 4: Break the Story into Acts
Divide your screenplay into three acts, following the traditional structure commonly used in screenwriting. Act One sets up the story, introduces the characters, and presents the central conflict. Act Two develops the conflict, introduces obstacles, and escalates tension. Act Three resolves the conflict and provides closure to the story. By organizing your script into acts, you create a clear and compelling narrative structure. Now is not the time to be a pantser!
Step 5: Character Development and Dialogue
In the transition from book to script, character development, and dialogue are critical components. Since screenplays rely heavily on visual storytelling, you’ll need to convey a character’s personality, motivations, and growth through actions, expressions, and dialogue. While you may lose some of the depth found in a novel, focus on capturing the essence of each character and their relationships in a visual way.
Step 6: Trim and Condense
Books often contain subplots, internal thoughts, and extensive descriptions unsuitable for a screenplay. During the adaptation process, be prepared to trim and condense the narrative. Yes, this is the time to “kill your darlings.” Focus on the central plot and the most critical character arcs, eliminating any extra elements that don’t drive the story forward or translate well to the visual medium.
Step 7: Visual Storytelling
One of the key differences between books and screenplays is the emphasis on visual storytelling. Readers create their own images in their minds, but when you’re watching a screen, it’s right there in front of you and, therefore, must be strong. In your script, use vivid descriptions to create compelling visuals for the audience. Show, don’t tell, whenever possible. Prioritize scenes and moments that can be captured effectively on camera.
Step 8: Adapt the Narrative Style
Books often allow for extensive introspection and exploration of characters’ thoughts and feelings. You’ll need to adapt to a more external narrative style in a script—we can’t hear what characters are thinking on screen. Rather than delving deep into characters’ inner thoughts, convey emotions and motivations through actions, expressions, and dialogue—things viewers can see.
Step 9: Seek Feedback and Collaboration
Once you’ve completed your first draft (yay!), it’s time to seek feedback. Getting fresh eyes from industry professionals and writer communities is a great way to examine your work objectively. Constructive feedback can help you refine your adaptation and identify areas needing improvement—just remember, feedback can be tough to swallow. Still, it’s a critical step in any writing project.
Step 10: Revise and Refine
Post-feedback, don’t be afraid to make changes, refine dialogue, and polish your screenplay until it’s in its best possible shape. Keep in mind that adaptation is an art, and finding the right balance between staying true to the source material and making necessary changes for the screen is essential. No book and film is ever 100% identical, and that’s to be expected.
Step 11: Pitch Your Script
Once you’re satisfied with your screenplay, you can pitch it to agents, producers, or studios. Prepare a compelling pitch package that includes a logline, synopsis, and any relevant information about your background and the marketability of your project. Networking and attending industry events can also be valuable for making connections and opening doors. Most importantly, be confident in your work and never give up!